Adipocere – also grave wax; formed when a body is in a highly saturated, low-oxygen environment. Basically, the body turns into soap, more or less.
Aquamation – also resomation or alkaline hydrolysis; a technique which uses lye to dissolve a body rather than an oven to burn it
Casket – a rectangular box
Cemetery – a resting place for the dead not attached to a church (cf. graveyard)
Cenotaph - a monument erected to someone whose remains are elsewhere; literally, “empty tomb”
Coffin – a box that is tapered at both ends
Columbarium – a place to put urns containing cremains
Consort – wife, if her husband survived her (cf. relict)
Cortege – a procession, esp. after a funeral
Cremains – the “ashes” that remain after cremation
Cremation – to reduce a body to ashes by burning it
Exhume – to retrieve a body from where it has been buried (cf. inhume)
Geb. – abbreviation of “geboren,” used on German-language stones, meaning born
Gest. – abbreviation of “gestorben,” used on German-language stones, meaning died
Graveyard – a resting place for the dead, often attached to a particular church (cf. cemetery)
Green burial – burials in which the aim is to leave as little environmental impact as possible. For example, bodies may be placed in wicker containers with no metal fittings. Markers may or may not be allowed.
Inhume – to bury (cf. interment)
Interment – to bury (cf. inhume)
Plastination – the technique of replacing bodily fluids with plastic so that organs, or whole bodies, can be used for teaching or can be displayed. See Body Worlds.
Relict – wife, if her husband died previously and she did not remarry (cf. consort)
Scatter garden – a place to scatter cremains
Taphophile – someone who likes cemeteries
Transi tomb – also cadaver tomb, memento mori tomb; a grave marker which depicts a rotting body
Tumulus – a grave set into a hill, or with a mound built up over it; barrow